The Stigma of Identifying as Having Lived Experience Runs Before Me: Challenges for Lived Experience Roles
What are the common work experiences encountered by the Lived Experience workforce? What impact does stigma and discrimination have and how can we address these issues?
Byrne, L., Roper, C., Happell, B., & Reid-Searl, K. (2016). The stigma of identifying as having a lived experience runs before me: Challenges for lived experience roles Journal of Mental Health. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09638237.2016.1244715
Lived Experience workers improve outcomes for people receiving services
Lived Experience workers can contribute to reducing stigma
Lived Experience workers often face stigma and discrimination. This can be so frequent to be accepted as a 'normal' part of working life
Lived Experience workers also face professional isolation
For Lived Experience roles to be as effective as they could be then stigma and discrimination need to be addressed
Greater education and championing by Allies is needed to create safe working spaces for Lived Experience workers
Take home messages
This research aimed to better understand the impact of stigma and discrimination experienced by Lived Experience workers in a variety of roles and settings across Australia.
Lived experience workers are employed to use their ‘lived’ understanding of mental health challenges within their work.
Lived Experience workers are employed in a range of mental health settings to:
Assist people accessing services to navigate the system
Promote recovery for those accessing services
Challenge discriminatory attitudes
Promote better understanding of recovery for organisations and those in clinical roles
Across a wide variety of roles and organisations Lived Experience workers also provide:
Education and training
Contribution to System Design
Lived Experience workers have a range of titles, but the core qualification across all of the roles is having had a personal lived experience of recovery and a unique understanding of what other people accessing mental health services experience.
This ‘unique’ understanding includes an understanding of experiences such as:
Loss of social status
Lived Experience roles which primarily focus on support for people accessing services provide:
When employed to educate or work in systemic positions (e.g. policy, research etc.) the Lived Experience worker is able to be a bridge of understanding to help others better understand the needs of people accessing services and what service providers can to do provide better support.
Research shows that effective lived experience roles can:
Supplement or aid traditional mental health services
Improve outcomes for people with mental health challenges
Reduce overall health care expenditure
Unfortunately, despite the unique features and potential benefits of these roles, the effectiveness of Lived Experience work is negatively impacted by high levels of stigma and discrimination.
13 participants from a broad range of roles and Australian states were asked to describe their experience of working in a Lived Experience role.
Interview data was examined in terms of frequently identified experiences.
Stigma and discrimination was identified by Lived Experience workers as a common experience that negatively impacted the effectiveness of their role.
Three core ideas were found to contribute to the negative attitudes towards Lived Experience workers: 'stigma is normal', 'Lived Experience workers are treated differently' and 'professional isolation'.
Stigma is normal
People participating in the research reported that:
Stigma/discrimination was a common experience
Most Lived Experience Workers came to accept it as a ‘normal’ part of their work life
Lived Experience Workers said they needed to be careful of not reinforcing low expectations and stereotypical attitudes from their colleagues and as a result felt pressure to always go above and beyond to be accepted/credible
Some Lived Experience Workers felt judged and therefore tried to overcompensate and hid any vulnerability to not be seen as ‘unwell’
Quotes From Participants:
"…what I say about stigma generally is it's a bit of an optional thing if you receive stigma from mental illness. If you've got enough clues about life you won't say "I have a mental illness" or "I have this or that disorder”
Participants experiences included:
Colleagues asking intrusive and inappropriate questions about their lived experience
Some mental health professionals/clinicians treating Lived Experience workers as if they were people accessing services rather than workers
Colleagues showed surprise when high quality work was done by Lived Experience workers, indicating lower expectations and perceived value of Lived Experience workers
Quotes From Participants:
“…reactions from some staff makes me feel that the stigma of identifying as having a lived experience runs before me, before any sort of professional credibility. I was a high level performer in community development in the non-government sector before I took this job and I come in here and it’s as if the only thing people see is the tag of "consumer" and you have to work really hard to get recognised.”
Colleagues not interacting with them, not asking their opinion or advice even about recovery concepts or practices
Professional isolation making Lived Experience workers feel unmotivated and unimportant. These feelings had at times lead to quitting the role
Being marginalised and isolated, particularly those Lived Experience workers within government-run organisations
Government services still being seen as stuck in ‘medical model’ thinking, which was seen to include stigmatising/unhelpful beliefs about people accessing services and Lived Experience workers
Moving from government to non-government or Lived Experience-run services was viewed as more positive, with reports of better treatment and inclusion and feelings of being accepted and valued
Quotes From Participants:
"A psychiatrist was talking about how consumers and carers belong under the table. I went, “I’m a consumer consultant,” and they literally jumped backwards, stepped away from me in fear. There was a lot of stigma in that particular organisation. I was left to my own devices, no-one noticed if I rocked up or not and given tokenistic and menial jobs to do.”
Prejudicial attitudes and discrimination were common and impacted the effectiveness of Lived Experience work.
Many Lived Experience workers were so used to stigma they saw it as a normal part of their work.
Professional isolation and feeling outnumbered was also common and suggested that more Lived Experience roles are needed to counter the isolation and challenge stigmatising/negative attitudes.
Research revealed that some mental health professionals are skeptical about the value of Lived Experience roles and some colleagues were fearful or simply choose not to interact.
Lived Experience workers reported that the attitudes of others and isolation were a barrier to them working effectively.
There are a number of actions that can be taken to reduce stigma and discrimination:
Foster greater understanding of Lived Experience roles, particularly in government services
employment of Lived Experience workers to reduce professional isolation
Share research on the value of Lived Experience roles to increase understanding and improve attitudes
Greater accountability measures for organisations to ensure workplaces are safe spaces for Lived Experience roles
Lived Experience workers have the ability to play an important role in reducing stigma and discrimination but they need to be supported rather than face stigma themselves in the workplace.